Operational definition of activity categories
from SHAPE America, Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education
The resources above are split up into the current SHAPE America operational definitions for activities- see below for further definitions.
Outdoor Pursuits: The outdoor environment is an important factor in student engagement in the activity. Activities might include, but are not limited to recreational boating (e.g., kayaking, canoeing, sailing, rowing), hiking, backpacking, fishing, orienteering/geocaching, ice skating, skateboarding, snow or water skiing, snowboarding, snowshoeing, surfing, bouldering/traversing/climbing, mountain biking, adventure activities and ropes courses. Selection of activities depends on the environmental opportunities within the geographical region.
Fitness Activities: Activities with a focus on improving or maintaining fitness and might include, but are not limited to yoga, Pilates, resistance training, spinning,
running, fitness walking, fitness swimming, kickboxing, cardio-kick, Zumba and exergaming.
Dance and Rhythmic Activities: Activities that focus on dance or rhythms and might include, but are not limited to dance forms such as creative movement and
dance, ballet, modern, ethnic/folk, hip hop, Latin, line, ballroom, social and square.
Aquatics: Might include, but are not limited to swimming, diving, synchronized swimming and water polo.
Individual-Performance Activities: Might include, but are not limited to gymnastics, figure skating, track and field, multi-sport events, in-line skating, wrestling,
self-defense and skateboarding.
Games and Sports: Includes the games categories of invasion, net/wall, target and fielding/striking.
Lifetime Activities: Includes the categories of outdoor pursuits, selected individual performance activities, aquatics and net/wall and target games. Note: Invasion games and fielding and striking games are not addressed in the secondary outcomes because those activities require team participation and are not well suited to lifelong participation.